the 5 S’s is a very classic way to soothe and put a newborn to sleep. This approach comes from the parenting book, The Happiest Baby on the Block, by Dr. Harvey Karp.

It is well known that the human gestation period of nearly ten months is divided into three trimesters: early, middle and late pregnancy. In the book, The Happiest Baby on the Block, Dr. Karp likens the first trimester of a newborn baby to the fourth trimester. Many animal pups reach the ability to care for themselves very quickly after birth. For example, a pony calf can stand up on the day it is born. Chickadee ducklings are ready to move around after their mother within hours of birth. The human baby is in a state of “eat, sleep, sleep and eat” for a long time, just like in the womb. At the same time, the brain of a newborn baby develops as rapidly as it does during pregnancy for a while after birth. In other words, even a baby born at full term is considered “super premature” in terms of its ability to care for itself and its stage of development. The first trimester of a newborn is equivalent to the fourth trimester of pregnancy.

Dr. Karp noted that since newborns are still in the developmental stage of the fetus, mothers should treat them the same way they treat their fetuses. The more primitive tribes and countries in Africa and Asia do as well. The mother carries the child on her back in a backpack for daily activities and feeds the child whenever she cries. In this way the child feels wrapped tightly as if in the womb, swaying gently with the mother’s movements and having nourishment and food available at all times. Children raised in this way are said to be very easy to soothe.

Based on this observation, Dr. Karp proposed The 5 S’s of soothing and coaxing to sleep, the whole idea of 5S being to simulate the uterine environment. (c) The child completes the “fourth trimester” in a “womb-like” environment. This is done as follows.

# The First S: Swaddle.
This method has been discovered by many moms of all national and cultural backgrounds. Wrapping the child up in a wrap and restraining the hands and feet can easily quiet the child. This is partly because the child likes the feeling of being wrapped up (simulating the womb environment) and partly because being wrapped up prevents the child from waking himself up by accidentally triggering the Moro reflex during sleep. Wrapped in a variety of ways. The following is a commonly used method.


My mother also used to use the swaddling method to briefly improve Xia Yu’s sleep. I have lived in Singapore for so many years and have seen mothers in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, etc. use this method. You can also buy a lot of convenient sleeping bags now. The effect is also good. For example, the following one.


Another thing to be sure to take special care of when swaddling is to not let your baby get too hot. Feel the hands and feet and the back of the neck when checking your baby’s temperature. If your baby’s nasal tip and hands and feet are slightly cool, the temperature is right. Be wary of overheating if you feel sweating on the back of your baby’s neck and back. A baby isn’t afraid of cold, it’s afraid of overheating. This must be noted.

# The Second S: Side or stomach position
Babies are naturally inclined to lie on their sides and lie on their stomachs, and least inclined to sleep on their back. But lying on your side and sleeping on your back are not as safe as sleeping on your back, so it’s really tangled up with your mother. It is best to put your baby to sleep on his side and his back, and then switch to sleep on his back when he is asleep. But it also feels unsafe for a swaddled child to fall asleep on his or her back. So it’s best to sleep on your side and wait for sleep to level off. Or adults must be on the sidelines watching all the time (be sure to put them to sleep on their backs at night). But as the child grows into a “dynamite pack” state, you know.

# The Third S: Shush
This is done by making a “shush” sound in your baby’s ear if he/she is still crying after swaddling. If the baby is crying loudly, the mother’s hush must be overpowering the baby. If the baby calms down, the booing can be followed by lowering the volume. When Xia Yu was little, I once put her to sleep and was so exhausted she was still crying, a little venting and making super loud booing noises in her ear. In less than half a minute she stopped and began to listen carefully, then fell asleep as soon as her eyes were closed, leaving her sleeping mother to stay on the spot.

The app for White Noise can be downloaded directly online.

Moms can also try hair dryers, rubbing plastic bags, etc.

Use white noise must pay attention to the sound source and the baby to keep a distance, the sound must not be too loud, so as not to damage the hearing of the baby.

# The Fourth S: Swing
If the baby is still crying after the first three S’s are done, try gently shaking the baby. This rocking is done by shushing the baby in the ear while rocking the straddled baby by a very small margin. How small is the margin? Rock back and forth no more than 5 cm apart. This is very different from the way people are used to shaking their babies, and Dr. Karp points out that if you want to calm your baby, you need to shake it relatively substantially. But if you want them to fall asleep, shake them more gently, as if you were “shaking the jelly off the plate”.

# Fifth S: Suck
Sucking is also known to soothe the baby, and Dr. Karp emphasizes that the sucking value here is to give the pacifier or fingers, not directly to the mother’s nipple (if neither pacifier nor fingers work, it’s up to the mother’s parenting philosophy to decide whether or not to get a bra). The pacifier is thought to prevent Sudden Neonatal Death Syndrome. You just don’t have to worry about your teeth being affected by a pacifier when you go to sleep.

Additions.
The 5 S’s must be used in conjunction with your baby’s sleep signals. If you try to put a baby to sleep who is not sleepy, the 50S will not work.
The 5 S’s must be done correctly in each case, and Dr. Karp notes that 98% of babies can be soothed and put to sleep if the parents do the 5S rigorously.
It doesn’t take all 5S to do it. If the swaddling method can already soothe and put your baby to sleep there is no need to do the latter few items.
The 5 S’s applies to the period from birth to three months.
The 5 S’s is not inconsistent with intimate parenting. During the newborn period, the mother can be put to sleep completely by breastfeeding and snuggling.

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